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Computer programming: What it is and what you need to know to learn it

Computer programming: What it is and what you need to know to learn it


Computer programming, also known as coding, has become an essential skill in today’s digital world. From websites and mobile applications to artificial intelligence and robotics, computer programming is the backbone of modern technology. This article will outline what computer programming entails, why it is important, and provide guidance on what you need to know to learn it.

What is computer programming?

At its core, computer programming involves writing instructions or code that a computer can understand and execute. These instructions are written using programming languages, which act as a bridge between humans and computers. A programming language provides a set of rules and syntax that programmers use to communicate with computers effectively.

Why is computer programming important?

Computer programming is crucial for several reasons. Firstly, it enables us to create software and applications that solve real-world problems and enhance efficiency. Whether it’s designing a website, developing a mobile app, or building complex algorithms, programming is the foundation for bringing ideas to life.

Secondly, programming cultivates critical thinking and problem-solving skills. As a programmer, you are constantly faced with challenges and puzzles that require logical thinking and creativity to solve. This process of breaking down problems into smaller, manageable steps and developing algorithms to solve them helps to sharpen your analytical abilities.

Furthermore, computer programming is a highly sought-after skill in the job market. With the rapid growth of technology, there is an increasing demand for programmers across various industries. Proficiency in programming opens up a wide range of career opportunities, from software development and data analysis to cybersecurity and machine learning.

What do you need to know to learn computer programming?

1. Logic and problem-solving skills: Programming involves breaking down complex problems into smaller, more manageable parts. It requires the ability to think logically, analyze situations, and develop step-by-step solutions. Cultivating strong problem-solving skills is essential to becoming an effective programmer.

2. Basic mathematics: While not all programming requires advanced math, having a solid foundation in basic mathematics concepts is beneficial. Concepts like algebra, logic, and discrete mathematics are often used in programming to solve problems and optimize code.

3. Programming languages: There is a wide array of programming languages available, each with its own purpose and complexities. Some popular languages include Python, JavaScript, Java, C++, and Ruby. Beginners often start with user-friendly languages like Python due to its simplicity and readability. However, the choice of language ultimately depends on your goals and the type of projects you wish to pursue.

4. Algorithms and data structures: Understanding algorithms and data structures is essential for efficient and optimized programming. Algorithms are step-by-step procedures used to solve specific problems, while data structures organize and store data in a way that allows for efficient retrieval and manipulation. Learning about algorithms and data structures will improve your problem-solving abilities and help you write efficient and scalable code.

5. Practice and hands-on experience: Programming is a skill that is best learned through practice. Reading books and tutorials can provide a foundation, but true mastery comes from applying what you’ve learned to real-world projects. Engaging in coding challenges, participating in open-source projects, or even building your own applications will help solidify your understanding and improve your programming skills.


Computer programming is a valuable skill that opens up endless opportunities in today’s technology-driven world. It is not only a means to create innovative solutions but also a way to develop critical thinking and problem-solving abilities. By cultivating logic, problem-solving skills, and a strong foundation in programming languages, algorithms, and data structures, you can embark on a journey to become a proficient programmer. Remember, practice and hands-on experience are key to honing your skills and becoming a successful programmer. So dive in, start coding, and unlock the world of possibilities that computer programming offers.

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